This topic overview outlines the ways in which mining institutions work. When a country has mineral resources that it wants to develop, a government institution is required to implement this policy, law and regulations. This can take the form of a government department, ministry, agency, authority, or commission. These different types of mining institutions have somewhat different roles and reporting arrangements. How a government decides to set up its institutional arrangements to govern the mining sector depends on its overall economic policy.
This topic overview includes the following chapters: