Petroleum Licensing and Contracting

21. Good practice examples

1. New approaches to the design of information-based resources (rather than skills-based) are proliferating on the Internet. Some of the initiatives focussed on petroleum contracts are noted below. They include Resource Contracts, a directory of Petroleum & Mineral Contracts, which can be found at or through the Country Information page on the Extractives Hub website.

2. Oil Patch Laws: an online database of global oil and gas rules, regulations, and legislation which covers 186 countries

3. International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IOGP): data series and international industry standards:

4. Oil & Gas Regulation 2016, by International Comparative Legal Guides, covers common issues in oil and gas laws and regulations in 37 jurisdictions, including development of oil and natural gas, import/export of natural gas, LNG, import/export of oil, transportation, transmission and distribution, foreign investment:

5. Barrows Company has an international reference library for oil, gas, and mineral laws and contracts, and the texts of mining laws in all countries,

6. OpenOil is a transparency organisation and small publishing house, which advances the idea of universal open data frameworks for the world's natural resources, building prototype applications from data already in the public domain. The company has developed training methodologies for financial modelling which proved successful with government clients (Chad, Mauritania and Tanzania) and also online. Its online contracts repository has over 804 contracts from 78 countries. OpenOil has created a website to gather in all public domain data issued by companies in the sectors themselves as a result of statutory filing responsibilities or corporate outreach, and also published the first stage of an open data map of the world's oil concessions by geo-referencing analogue maps in 58 countries across Africa and the Middle East.

7. Association of International Petroleum Negotiators, offers model contracts for purchase relating to a range of different specificities, e.g. liquefied natural gas, joint operating agreements, and farmouts:

8. Extractive Industries Source Book, provides free, online access to thirty-one different model contracts, including sixteen production sharing agreement model contracts.  See and click on Resources and then Model Contracts.

9. Collaboration for Development, Gender Equality and Energy, this interactive space is supported by the World Bank, the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (a global, multidonor technical assistance trust fund which is also administered by the World Bank), and others. It seeks to “to bring together practitioners from around the world to share experiences, emerging tools, available resources, and knowledge on Gender Equality and Energy through an interactive platform”, including with respect to the gender dimensions of petroleum licensing and contracting, such as the use of Local Content provisions to promote gender equality in the access to petroleum sector jobs and sub-contract opportunities in the upstream petroleum supply chain. Main web address:; and corresponding web address for the Collaboration for Development interactive space for practitioners seeking to maximise the “creation of local jobs and business opportunities from extractives” (mining and petroleum):