8. Civil Society

Many states increasingly employ a policy to allow non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and members of society to have access to information regarding extractives sector negotiations, particularly where a foreign investor is involved. Civil society has an interest in ensuring that the negotiation process follows due process and that government is managing the benefits from the sector development. Civil society and NGO involvement to increase accountability in the extractive industries has expanded rapidly over the past two decades and is likely to continue growing. Yet, holding the state accountable depends on NGOs acquiring the knowledge and skills to interpret contracts and accurately convey their meaning to their own constituencies. There is an emerging literature, such as manuals of accessible analysis of oil and mining contracts which can help serve this purpose.