5. Cross-government coordination
Developing a country’s extractive industries requires the involvement of many different government agencies. Whilst one institution may be the lead for sector development, coordination with other parts of government will be essential. This is particularly the case for gender issues, as many of the issues of inclusion and equality will touch on broader issues of gender equality within that country. Without coordination there is a risk of duplication of efforts or ineffective interventions. One option to ensure there is coordination and collaboration on this will be to set up an Inter-Governmental Task Force on Women in the Extractives Sector. Similarly, aligning efforts to broader government commitments on gender equality will help this.
Key Questions and Considerations:
Have all relevant institutions been identified?
Are there broader government commitments and initiatives on gender equality to link up to?
Are there existing coordination mechanisms that could be used to look at this issue?
Which institution is the most appropriate to lead on a certain area?
Particular areas of coordination might be local content, ensuring involvement of relevant business, commerce, labour and women’s affairs institutions in considering training and skills development or access to finance and information initiatives. Similarly, environmental issues are shown the have a strong negative impact on women, so ensuring coordination with relevant environmental departments is very important.
Sexual and gender based violence are a strong risk within the extractives sector and tackling this issue will require concerted efforts from a variety or institutions, including security, police, health and other agencies, alongside those more directly linked to the sector.