1. Good practice guidance on occupational health risk assessment (2nd Edition) published by the International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM)
ICMM members are committed to ensure their employees' health and wellbeing and our goal to reach Zero Occupational Harm by, among other things, assessing the health risks in the workplace. The first step is to assess the health risks present in a work environment, identifying all potential hazards and designing control measures to protect the health and wellbeing of workers. A Occupational Health Risk Assessment (HRA) is the structured and systematic identification and analysis of workplace hazards to assess their potential risks to health and determine appropriate control measures to protect the health and wellbeing of workers. The HRA process is a partnership between occupational health advisors, occupational / industrial hygiene advisors, managers and operational staff with each - depending on the circumstances - using their knowledge, experience and skills to support the HRA process.
2. Good Practice in emergency preparedness and response published by the International Council on Metals and Mining (ICMM) & United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) in 2005
This guide provides a model emergency plans and several company case studies. It acts as a companion to UNEP’s APELL for Mining (2001). That document was prepared to assist mining companies to apply UNEP’s APELL process, which had previously largely been used in the chemicals industry. In 2003, ICMM considered that it was necessary to take the APELL process further by analysing emergency preparedness and response capabilities within both its corporate and association membership. With UNEP’s guidance and input, we questioned members on their performance and systems in this critical area. Our analysis showed that, while ICMM members’ technical preparations for emergencies are good, more effort is required in working with neighbouring communities.
3. Government and Citizen Oversight of Mining: Enforcing the Rules published by the Revenue Watch Institute in 2011
In recent history, mining has failed to deliver many of the benefits citizens expect, particularly in poorer nations rich in natural resources and high in hopes. Many of the reasons remain unclear. In some cases, the problem is linked to bad deals with mining companies. But no matter the quality of the deal, other problems arise from failure to effectively monitor and enforce the existing obligations. This report examines the monitoring of mining obligations, characterizes the main gaps, identifies policy options and good practices, and proposes practical ways for both government and civil society to improve monitoring and enforcement.