Transparency and Anti-Corruption


1. UN Corruption-Toolkit designed and prepared by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

The Anti-Corruption Toolkit is based on successful anti-measures developed by different countries and on lessons learned from the technical cooperation activities facilitated by the Global Programme against Corruption. The Toolkit provides, based on the recently adopted UN Convention against Corruption, an inventory of measures for assessing the nature and extent of corruption, for deterring, preventing and combating corruption, and for integrating the information and experience gained into successful national anticorruption strategies.

2. Legislative Guide for the implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption designed and prepared by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

The United Nations Convention against Corruption was adopted by the General Assembly by its resolution 58/4 of 31 October 2003. The objective of the present practical legislative guide is to assist States seeking to ratify and implement the Convention by identifying legislative requirements, issues arising from those requirements and various options available to States as they develop and draft the necessary legislation.

3. Managing Conflict of Interest in the Public Sector - A Toolkit produced by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 

This toolkit provides practical ideas and instruments for policy makers and managers interested in developing conflict-of-interest policies and procedures in their organisations. Specific tools include a generic checklist for identifying 'at-risk' areas for conflicts of interest, a form for registering personal interests and assets, a policy framework for whistleblower protection, and case studies for training purposes.

4. United Nations Handbook on Practical Anti-Corruption Measures for Prosecutors and Investigators produced by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime 

The nature and effects of corruption are unique to each country and society. This Handbook takes its place among the toolkit that continues to be developed by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. This is intended to provide a range of options that enable each country to assemble an effective integrated strategy, adapted to meet its own particular needs.

5. Contracts Confidential: Ending Secret Deals in the Extractive Industries produced by the Revenue Watch Institute

This report aims to promote a serious conversation among industry, governments, investors, banks and civil society organizations about disclosure and confidentiality in extractive industry contracts. It is hard to talk about secrets. Neither governments nor investors like to give much detail when asked to describe the confidential information in oil, gas and mineral contracts, or their reasons for secrecy. Yet contract transparency is sorely needed to improve the management of natural resource wealth, in particular in developing nations where such resources often account for more than half of the national income.

6. Promises are vanity, contracts are reality, transparency is sanity produced by the Open Contracting Partnership

This report provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of transparency of government contracts around the world. It points out the positive impacts of contract disclosure and gives recommendations to governments.

7. U4 Natural Resource Management Theme Page hosted by U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre

This page will help you to understand what is known about the basic links between resource extraction and corruption, how corruption can hinder aid effectiveness, how corruption can manifest itself in different natural resource sectors and what initiatives and tool exist to prevent corruption and what their limitations are. 

8. Mining Awards Corruption Risk Assessment Tool by Transparency International

A lack of transparency and accountability in the awarding of mining sector licences, permits and contracts – the first stage in the mining value chain – is a root cause of corruption in the mining sector. Yet many initiatives to improve governance and prevent corruption in oil, gas and mining industries do not focus fully or exclusively on the mining sector, or this stage of the value chain. The MACRA Tool fills this gap by helping users to identify and assess the underlying causes of corruption in mining sector awards – the risks that create opportunities for corruption, and undermine the lawful, compliant and ethical awarding of mining sector licences, permits and contracts. Developed for Transparency International’s Mining for Sustainable Development Programme (M4SD), the Tool has been used across 20 mining jurisdictions, and identifies more than 80 common corruption risks. It has proved to be a highly effective framework to identify and assess the risk factors that create vulnerabilities to corruption at this critical stage.