The Growing Role of Minerals and Metals for a Low Carbon Future

World Bank | Document | 2017

The rise of green energy technologies required for a low-carbon future is expected to lead to significant growth in demand for a wide range of minerals and metals, such as aluminum, copper, lead, lithium, manganese, nickel, silver, steel, and zinc and rare earth minerals, according to a new World Ba...


Why we need to keep fossil fuels in the ground

The Guardian | youtube | 2015

This short video explains why we need to keep fossil fuels in the ground, presenting the impacts from extractive industries on the environment. It also touches upon the idea of 'Keep it in the Ground', a campaign about moving away from coal, oil and natural gas and towards renewable energy future....


A greener dragon? Climate change lessons and opportunities for cooperation between China and Australia

Brigadier Natasha Fox | Document | 2016

China’s commitment to climate change mitigation is an important economic issue for Australia. As China is Australia’s largest trading partner, any adjustments China makes to its economy will impact the Australian economy. China has been signalling the importance of the environment and climate to its...


Assessing climate change risks and opportunities for investors: Mining and Minerals Processing Sector

Dr Michael H Smith, Australian National University | Document | 2013

The mining and minerals processing sector already is financially vulnerable to the consequences of extreme weather events such as drought, bushfires, high temperatures and flooding. Climate change is forecast to increase the exposure of this sector to climate, energy and carbon price risks. M...


Fossil Fuel Producers Under Threat

Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies | Document | 2016

Oil and gas producers face three threats: prolonged low oil and gas prices, tightening of climate policy and a tough budget on cumulative carbon emissions, and technological innovation producing cheap substitutes for oil and gas. These threats pose real risks of putting oil and gas producers out of ...


Mine Power: Partnering to Upgrade Energy Infrastructure in the DRC

Natural Resource Governance Institute | Document | 2016

This case study discusses the need for better infrastructure in the DRC to access the country’s vast mineral wealth. Power is needed to get to the Democratic Republic of Congo’s valuable mineral assets. Yet the country’s lack of energy infrastructure has been a key bottleneck for this energy-intensi...


Resourcing Green Technologies through Smart Mineral Enterprise Development: A Case Analysis of Cobalt

Columbia Centre on Sustainable Investment | Document | 2018

In this report, authors argue that a neglected area in addressing the mineral scarcity challenge is the private sector’s current trajectory for geological mineral exploration of key minerals and innovative initiatives on material efficiency and recycling where possible. We term this approach Smar...


The Energy Transition in an Era of Low Fossil Fuel Prices

Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies | Document | 2016

Nearly all countries around the globe have now firmly committed to reducing their greenhouse gas emissions through the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). The post-COP21 agenda now focuses on the implementation of these INDCs. At the heart of that implementation is the so-called en...


The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and their Reform

Cambridge University Press | Document | 2018

Fossil fuel subsidies strain public budgets and contribute to climate change and local air pollution. Despite widespread agreement among experts about the benefits of reforming fossil fuel subsidies, repeated international commitments to eliminate them, and valiant efforts by some countries to re...


Extractive Industries: The Management of Resources as a Driver of Sustainable Development

Oxford University Press | Document | 2018

New initiatives recognize that resource wealth can provide a means, when properly used, for poorer nations to decisively break with poverty by diversifying economies and funding development spending. Extractive Industries: The Management of Resources as a Driver of Sustainable Development explores t...


Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in the United Kingdom

Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP) | Document | 2015

This is the UK country report under DDPP, setting out some of the domestic opportunities and challenges in ensuring deep decarbonisation, and the role the UK can play in helping lead efforts to combat climate change internationally. The UK has been a leader in legislating long-term climate mitiga...


Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in China

Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP) | Document | 2015

This China country report by the country team in the Deep decarbonization pathway project (DDPP) summarize the key findings of the technical pathways developed by the Chinese team, with a view to achieve deep reduction in the longer term for China. The forthcoming Paris climate conference will lay o...


Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in Brazil

Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP) | Document | 2015

Brazil occupies a unique position among the major greenhouse gas (GHG) emitting countries due to its low per-capita energy-related GHG emissions (2.4 tons CO2 in 2014), attributable to Brazil’s abundant clean energy sources. The sources of major emissions have historically been concentrated in agric...


Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in Canada

Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP) | Document | 2015

In this second Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP) Canada report we look outside of Canada’s borders to identify global decarbonization trends that will affect Canada and our ability to achieve deep decarbonization. We focus on identifying resilient pathways that policy can target regard...


Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in United States

Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP) | Document | 2015

This report describes the economic and policy implications of deep decarbonization in the United States. “Deep decarbonization” refers to the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions over time to a level consistent with limiting global warming to 2°C or less, based on the scientific consensus tha...


Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in Italy

Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP) | Document | 2015

This report contributes to the national debate on climate-change mitigation, and the importance of deep decarbonization, by examining three alternative pathways that could reduce Italian CO2 emissions by at least 40% in 2030 and 80% in 2050, compared to 1990. It analyzes the challenges the Italia...


Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in France

Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP) | Document | 2015

This report identifies the pathways for France to reach the deep decarbonization, which includes demand cut and energy transition. An important conclusion of the report is that a deep decarbonization pathway involves a profound modification of the social contract established at a time of cheap fossi...


Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in Australia

Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP) | Document | 2014

This report is part of the global Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP), which aims to understand and show how countries can transition to a very low carbon economy. The project comprises 15 countries representing more than 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions and is convened under the ausp...


Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in Japan

Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP) | Document | 2015

To achieve the political mitigation target of reducing 80% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050 with reduced nuclear dependence, Japan must conduct an ambitious transformation built on two major components: i) reduction of energy demand through deployment of highly energy-efficient technolog...


Pathways to Deep Decarbonization in South Africa

Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP) | Document | 2015

The South African country research team explored deep decarbonization pathways that focused on development and climate, putting equal emphasis on both goals. Satisfying multiple objectives, e.g., employment, income and GHG reductions, is critical as meeting a carbon constraint is one of many goal...