The Extractive Industries Sector: Essentials for Economists, Public Finance Professionals, and Policy Makers

The World Bank | Document | 2015

The extractive industries (EI) sector occupies an outsize space in the economies of many developing countries. Economists, public finance professionals, and policy makers working in such countries are frequently confronted with issues that require an in-depth understanding of the sector. The objec...


Maximizing Value: Guidance on implementing materials stewardship in the minerals and metals value chain

International Council on Mining & Metals (ICMM) | Document | 2006

Maximizing Value provides ICMM and its members with practical direction, ideas and examples on the implementation of materials stewardship. The primary audience for the guidance is minerals and metals companies, however many of the recommended activities require interaction and collaboration with ot...


A new normal or the bottom of the cycle? Mergers, acquisitions and capital raising in mining and metals

Ernst & Young (EY) | Document | 2016

For the fifth consecutive year, the mining sector has experienced a decline in deal activity. This comes as no surprise given the huge uncertainty over long-term fundamentals and increasing levels of financial distress throughout the sector. However, this distress may be the precursor to recovery in...


Implementing AML/CFT Measures in the Precious Minerals Sector: Preventing Crime while Increasing Revenue

IMF | Document | 2014

The trade in precious metals and stones has been linked to illicit financial flows, corruption, smuggling, drug trafficking, illicit arms trafficking, and the financing of terrorism. In addition, the extraction of precious minerals and the subsequent trade in these resources, if properly managed, pr...


As Mines Become More Automated, What Happens to the Social Licence to Operate?

International Institute for Sustainable Development | Document | 2016

This blog examines the impact of this automation on local spending and employment. Its aim was to determine the impact on economic development in host states and, by extension, the mines’ social licence to operate.


Downstream Beneficiation Case Study: Australia

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment | Document | 2016

This case study reviews Australia’s downstream beneficiation efforts. Australia was chosen as a downstream beneficiation case study because it has significant reserves of both coking coal and iron ore, as well as evidence of beneficiation activities dating back to the beginning of the 20th century. ...


Downstream Beneficiation Case Study: South Africa

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment | Document | 2016

This case study reviews South Africa’s downstream beneficiation efforts. South Africa was selected as a beneficiation case study due to the presence of a long-standing iron and steel industry that dates back to the beginning of the twentieth century. Downstream beneficiation is considered an opportu...


An Australian Perspective on Impact and Benefit Agreements

Ciaran O'Faircheallaigh | Document | 1999

Until 1992 no judicial, legislative, or constitutional recognition of inherent indigenous rights had occurred in Australia. Thus indigenous Australians were able to achieve IBAs only where specific legislative enactments created a statutory right to negotiate or where individual mining companies det...


Downstream Beneficiation Case Study: Oman

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment | Document | 2016

This case study reviews Oman’s downstream beneficiation efforts. Oman was selected as a downstream beneficiation case study due to the unique conditions under which its fledgling iron and steel industry is developing. Downstream beneficiation is considered an opportunity to develop the domestic econ...


Downstream Beneficiation Case Study: Ukraine

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment | Document | 2016

This case study reviews Ukraine’s downstream beneficiation efforts. Ukraine was selected as a beneficiation case study due to the presence of longstanding interconnected coking coal and steel industries with documented iron ore beneficiation beginning as early as 1869 in the Donets Basin and continu...


National industrialization in Philippine mining: review and suggestions

Danilo C. Israel | Document | 2016

Among the most daunting constraints mining has been facing is that it is agenerally extractive activity the way it has been traditionally practiced. This makes the country a mere exporter of raw materials to industrialized countries and unable to benefit from value-addition. To help address this pro...


What is the Potential for More Copper Fabrication in Zambia?

The World Bank | Document | 2011

This World Bank report discusses the potential for more copper fabrication in Zambia. The copper fabrication industry lies between: (1) the industry that produces copper (as a commodity metal from mined ores as well as from recycling), and (2) the users of copper in finished products such as electro...


Bridging the Gap Between Small Businesses and Mining Companies to Increase Local Impact in Guinea

The World Bank | Document | 2013

IFC is working with international mining company Rio Tinto in Guinea to ensure the participation of local businesses in its supply chain as it develops its Simandou iron ore project. This work builds on IFC’s pilot program, “Guinea Linkages,” in which local businesses that improved their capacity we...


Case studies in base metal processing and beneficiation: lessons from East Asia and the SADC region

South Africa Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) | Document | 2015

Almost all of the important base metals, including bauxite, copper, zinc, nickel and most iron ores, normally undergo some measure of what engineers call beneficiation or mineral processing in the country of origin. Only the highest grades of ores are shipped without any processing, thereby incurrin...


Peru: Mining Parks as an Alternative to Closing Mines (in Spanish)

Peru Ministry of Energy and Mines | Document | 2009

This guide by Peru’s Ministry of Energy and Mines provides guidelines on how mining areas can be transformed into educational and cultural tourism centers, or “parks”, as an alternative to closing the mine entirely. In Spanish.


Ensuring Local Communities Benefit from Extractive Industries in Peru

IFC | Document | 2013

IFC is working with local governments in Peru to invest royalties from extractive industries in projects that benefit local communities. More specifically, IFC aims to strengthen the investment capacity of 30 municipalities in eight extractive regions, ultimately benefiting 250,000 inhabitants, th...


Botswana Policy on In-Country Beneficiation of Diamonds

Republic of Botswana | Document | 2011

This webpage details the Botswana Policy on In-Country Beneficiation of Diamonds. The diamond beneficiation programme plans to increase the mining sector's contribution to job creation and income generation.


The Power of the Mine: A Transformative Opportunity for Sub-Saharan Africa

The World Bank | Document | 2015

Underpinned by a comprehensive database of mining projects between 2000 and 2020, this report explores the potential and challenges of using mining demand for power as anchor load for national power system development and expansion of electrification. This report finds that mining demand can indeed ...


Establishing Development Linkages in the Extractive Industry: Lessons from the Field

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development | Document | 2017

The background note summarizes the lessons learned from the ongoing UNCTAD technical cooperation project, entitled “Strengthening the capacity of the Economic Community of Central African States to enhance development linkages from the mineral resources sector”. The project is funded by the ninth...


Extractive Industries and their Linkages with the Rest of the Economy

Collaborative Africa Budget Reform Initiative (CABRI) | Document | 2016

This keynote paper from the Collaborative Africa Budget Reform Initiative (CABRI) investigates extractive industries and their linkages with the rest of the economy. The discovery of natural resources does not necessarily lead to higher economic growth - and even if it does, this does not necessaril...